El Nobel a Zimmerman, por Germán Carrasco

El Nobel a Zimmerman

por Germán Carrasco

Le dieron el Nobel a Robert Zimmerman, uno de las personalidades más influyentes del S XX. Una letra de canción es algo completamente distinta a un poema, pero él hizo cuadrar ambos formatos, con su voz de metálica de rana, o sea: el talento es sencillez y no virtuosismo ni buena voz, como decía nuestroa Victor jara en Manifiesto.

El padre espiritual de Robert Zimmerman es un Hilly Billy, un campesino pobre y vagabundo, el gran Woody Guthrie (This land is my land, this land is youy land; all you fascist are bound to lose) a quien Zimmerman siempre reconoció como influencia, pero Guthrie era un huaso sencillo de las entrañas de Estados Unidos, columnista del People´s Day World (del Partido Comunista de EEUU) y militante de la Industrial Workers of the World (anarco-sindicalista). Otro de los antecedentes de Robert Zimmerman es uno de los poetas más grandes en lengua inglesa –aunque era galés- pero esta vez oscuro del lado misterioso e insondable del mundo campesino: Dylan Thomas, de quien Zimmerman toma su seudónimo, y sus metáforas que no tienen nada nítidas como se podría pensar de un hombre de la tierra como en el caso de Guthrie sino que son oscuras y ambiguas como un bosque o un campo oscuro con el misterio de la tierra, llenas de claves y de múltiples lecturas: este huaso galés no habla claro, y de ahí extrae Zimmerman su lírica por el lado oscuro, y de Guthrie por el lado de la claridad del mensaje urgente más propio de la izquierda.


Zimmerman no fue militante, pero apoyó causas de todo tipo, incluyendo USA for Africa junto a la mayor constelación de estrellas de EEUU, lideradas por Quincy Jones y con Michael Jackson y el mismo Zimmerman como estrellas, junto a Springsteen, Cindy Lauper y la patota más impresionante de la cultura pop gringa.


Hay algo importante acá, y es que la literatura y la poesía están expandidas, y los premios están recayendo sobre reporteros, periodistas y cantantes de folk. Y eso, por el lado democrático y para los que no están familiarizados con el verso, es una conquista y no un desprecio a la literatura como pueden creer algunos puristas que hablan de la decadencia del lenguaje y otros motes de viejo temeroso y reaccionario.


El grupo revolucionario armado The Weather Underground, toma una letra de Zimmerman para nombrar a sus brigadas, lo más audaz y valiente en términos de guerrilla revolucionaria en el corazón del imperio, y toda la contracultura recoge el legado del hombre que hoy merecidamente recibe uno de los galardones más importantes de la literatura universal que hay que recordar: tiene que ver con lo oral, el canto, el folklor, las tradiciones campesinas, los trovadores medievales, las voces de la calle, el hip hop, el rumor subversivo y de carretera, el reportaje de urgencia y no exclusivamente la palabra escrita.

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