Trabajadores pesqueros de Corpesca y Camanchaca denuncian grave catástrofe ambiental en el mar de Iquique

Revelan que las malas prácticas industriales y la inoperancia del gobierno están permitiendo la depredación de los recursos pesqueros. También acusan que los informes ciéntificos realizados en la zona carecen de veracidad debido a que la información es proporcionada por las propias naves industriales.

Una grave denuncia realizó el Sindicato Interempresas de Tripulantes de Naves Especiales e Integrantes de Cuadrillas de Maniobras de Bahía de Iquique (SITRINAVES IQQ), por malas prácticas del sector industrial que apuntan al uso de “enmalles” y “descartes” que provocan mortandad de Anchoveta y fauna acompañante, recurso que en la actualidad se encuentra en situación de riesgo por sobreexplotación.

En una declaración pública los dirigentes encabezados por el presidente de SITRINAVES IQQ, Alex Ramírez, indicaron que “los ‘enmalles’ y ‘descartes’, no son más que la captura indiscriminada y posterior desaprovechamiento injustificado del recurso hidrobiológico Anchoveta, lo que provoca el desequilibrio de la cadena reproductiva del mismo”.

Agregaron en el documento que esto se ve “lamentablemente amparado por la ineficiencia de la actual Ley de Pesca y por la desidia de las instituciones gubernamentales pertinentes; el Ministerio de Economía y la Subsecretaría de Pesca”. Ejemplificaron que esto ocurre al no decretar las vedas biológicas, a fin de prohibir la captura o extracción de la anchoveta, lo que permitiría resguardar los procesos productivos de las especies para preservar el recurso y dar estabilidad a todo el ecosistema marino.

IMG-20160511-WA0020 (1)También denunciaron que “hay un deplorable proceso de investigación y fiscalización sobre los recursos pesqueros en la XV-I-II región, encomendado al Instituto de Fomento Pesquero (IFOP)”. El proceso se desarrolla con solo cuatro observadores científicos a bordo de naves de pesca de las propias compañías fiscalizadas, a pesar que operan más de 110 embarcaciones de forma habitual en todo el litoral. En tanto, en lo que respecta a los cruceros de investigación que deben ser realizados a bordo del buque Científico Abate Molina, los mismos se desarrollan de forma esporádica en la zona, por lo cual el monitoreo anual no sobrepasa los 50 días para la Anchoveta.

Denuncian que la solución que ha encontrado el Gobierno para este vacío es el de otorgar autorizaciones para que se realicen investigaciones o cruceros científicos a bordo de las embarcaciones de los armadores industriales y artesanales (semi-industriales). De esta manera operan sus equipos para adquirir los antecedentes que sirven de bases y fundamentos al Comité Científico Técnico para pronunciarse respecto a la necesidad de decretar el estado de un recurso pesquero.

“Todo lo que redunda en un informe realizado sin la imparcialidad necesaria y que mucha veces carece de la veracidad que la situación exige, poniendo los intereses económicos por sobre el cuidado y preservación del medioambiente y el recurso natural”.

Agregan que “existe una evidente lejanía entre los antecedentes científicos técnicos aportados por parte del Instituto de Fomento Pesquero (IFOP) y la realidad pesquera que vivimos día a día, en espacio y tiempo determinado, impidiendo que exista certeza en relación a la condición de los recursos naturales y la necesidad de decretar las correspondientes vedas biológicas”, indica SITRINAVES.

La organización está compuesta por trabajadores tripulantes de Naves Especiales de Cía. Pesquera Camanchaca S.A y Compañía Pesquera Corpesca S.A., ambas de la región de Tarapacá, las cuales representan más del 70% de la flota pesquera Industrial activa de la macro-zona norte, llámese a esta XV-I-II región.

Exigieron que el Gobierno se comprometa a hacer los cambios para que la Ley de Pesca sea eficiente en el resguardo de los recursos marinos, indicando que es urgente que la recopilación de antecedentes científico técnicos no siga siendo administrados por organismos privados, cuando es el Estado de Chile quien debe hacerse responsable de estas materias.

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