Trabajadores de la educación: perspectivas y balances para un año de lucha

Por Cristian Villablanca, Dirigente sindical, Integrante del directorio de la Federación de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores de la Educación (FTE)


¿Cuáles son los desafíos que se abren con la Carrera Profesional Docente y la Ley de Inclusión?
¿Cómo enfrentamos las próximas elecciones del Colegio de Profesores?

Las movilizaciones del año pasado son fundamentales para comprender el escenario actual. Allí el sector municipal lideró un paro histórico para nuestro gremio en contra la Carrera Profesional Docente (CPD). El nivel de masividad y adherencia a lo largo del país fue indiscutible, sin embargo, no se evidenciaron ganancias institucionales de este proceso, ya que el proyecto fue aprobado sin el consentimiento de la mayoría movilizada. Pero existe una ganancia cualitativa: la experiencia organizacional y en el nivel de conciencia de las y los trabajadores de la educación en el sector municipal y particular subvencionado.

Este año es importante para la clase trabajadora de Chile, en este sentido las y los trabajadores de la educación no podemos estar ausentes. La reforma laboral, la implementación de la CPD y la Ley de Inclusión serán factores políticos que cambiarán condiciones en los lugares de trabajo tanto en el área municipal como el particular subvencionado. Estar a la altura de estas circunstancias, implicará seguir impulsando la formación, reflexión política y la organización gremial desde abajo.

La aprobación de la CPD fue producto de una mala conducción del Colegio de Profesores, dejando en evidencia su cercanía al MINEDUC y su distancia hacia las y los docentes de Chile que rechazaban este proyecto de ley en un 97,40%, de acuerdo a la consulta nacional de mayo del 2015. Lo interesante es que a pesar de este gran rechazo, el Colegio de Profesores desde sus instancias de dirección no logró instaurar clausulas relevantes en el proyecto de ley. Al contrario, solo puso paños fríos para bajar movilizaciones y transar con el gobierno.

En el sector municipal se ha avanzado a pesar de que en términos jurídico-institucionales la Carrera Docente se implementará este año. Las ganancias cualitativas que hablábamos más arriba son las que debemos impulsar los sectores más activos y movilizados. No podemos dejar pasar el proceso de “politización de la reflexión pedagógica” (como lo plantea Construyendo Movimiento Docente Organizado de Santiago) o “trabajo político pedagógico” (concepto utilizado por el colectivo “Educar y Transformar” de Valparaíso). Este ejercicio de politizar la pedagogía y la reflexión en torno a ella, es una forma de empoderamiento necesario que hay que seguir impulsando por medio de talleres de formación, de debates en torno al curriculum sexista, construyendo propuestas para un nuevo proyecto pedagógico y avanzando en la formación y discusión política.

En términos organizativos son cruciales las elecciones del Colegio de Profesores de este año, hay una crítica a la actual dirigencia entreguista y coludida con el gobierno que se ha hecho evidente al interior del gremio. Por ello los sectores más activos debemos superar esta condición de disidencia y apuntar a disputar el Colegio de Profesores en las elecciones del 2016, sacando a las dirigencias de la Nueva Mayoría que no representan nuestros intereses. Para ello será fundamental la unidad de los sectores más activos, el trabajo desde las bases tanto en los colegios municipales, como en los particulares subvencionados para inscribirse y votar por nuevas apuestas.

En la escena de las y los trabajadores del sector particular subvencionado también se vienen panoramas difíciles para la organización con la implementación de la Ley de Inclusión. Ésta obligará a los particular-subvencionados a cambiar de figura institucional pasando a convertirse en corporaciones, fundaciones o colegios particulares pagados. Si ahora bien las relaciones contractuales no cambian según la ley, varios sostenedores ya están enunciando, el clima de incertidumbre, para balancear las negociaciones al favor de sus intereses.

La reforma laboral nos perjudicará, restándole poder a la negociación colectiva y al derecho a huelga, impulsando la desorganización y despolitización del gremio y demás sectores. Chile es el país con menor cobertura en negociación colectiva junto a EE.UU. según los datos de la fundación SOL del 2011, ubicándonos dentro de los países con mayor desigualdad en ingresos. Esta realidad estructural, en donde el 10% más rico gana un 26,5 % más que el 10% más pobre, se quiere mantener con esta reforma laboral y con la CPD. Frente a este panorama, todos debemos seguir construyendo más sindicatos, fortaleciendo los que ya están armados e impulsar la unidad en la lucha y desde abajo de todas y todos los trabajadores de la educación y los demás sectores.

[Publicado en la edición N°33 de Solidaridad]


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