Ni una menos: miles de personas se movilizaron en Chile para protestar contra violencia hacia la mujer

Periódico Solidaridad

Los altos índices de violencia y discriminación no se detienen y, pese a ello, no forman parte de la agenda pública ni de la política de Estado. Desde la calle, una voz fuerte se alza para exigir  autonomía física, económica y política de las mujeres. El machismo no pasará.

El Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres se realiza en memoria de las hermanas Minerva y María Teresa Mirabal, mujeres dominicanas que formaron parte de la resistencia y fueron asesinadas por la Dictadura de Rafael Leónidas Trujillo. Desde el año 1999 esta fecha se ha convertido en un momento de reflexión, encuentro y protesta contra la violencia como manifestación brutal de la desigualdad entre hombres y mujeres en todo el mundo.

De acuerdo al informe de las Naciones Unidas sobre formas de violencia contra la mujer (2006) se identifica una amplia variedad de modalidades bajo las cuales se presenta: violencia en las relaciones de pareja, prácticas tradicionales nocivas como la mutilación genital, aborto selectivo de niñas, matrimonio forzado, violencia vinculada con la dote, delitos contra las mujeres cometidos en nombre del “honor”, maltrato a mujeres viudas, feminicidio, violencia sexual, acoso sexual y violencia en el trabajo, y tráfico de mujeres con fines de explotación sexual o laboral.

En Chile la situación es preocupante. Este año 51 mujeres han sido violentamente asesinadas, pero desde el Servicio Nacional de la Mujer, solo se han registrado 38 víctimas de femicidio, excluyendo a aquellas mujeres que no fueron asesinadas en el contexto familiar o de convivencia. Las insuficiencias de la Ley 20.400 se convierte en una peligrosa arma a favor de los agresores.

Una ley que no protege: Erika Romina Rivera Tagle

De acuerdo al reportaje de María Francisca Valenzuela, el 29 de mayo de 2013 Sergio Tranamil llegó a la posta 4 de Ñuñoa con el cuerpo de su pareja afirmando que habían sido asaltados mientras trotaban y posteriormente arrancó. Erika Romina Rivera Tagle de 27 años, quien ya se encontraba sin vida había sido asesinada a golpes.

Cuando ocurrió el crimen, Erika y Sergio Llevaban cerca de diez años de pololeo y vivían en la casa de sus suegros. Al poco tiempo de iniciar la convivencia, Erika abandonó sus estudios universitarios de medicina, se alejó de sus amigos –incluso de su madre–y comenzó a evitar el contacto con el exterior.

Otilia Tagle, madre de Erika, realizó múltiples denuncias en el camino, pero la respuesta siempre fue la misma; “Si Erika no constataba lesiones y realizaba la denuncia, nada se podía hacer”. Dos semanas antes del crimen, Otilia fue a pedir ayuda a la justicia para que su hija pudiera salir del domicilio, ya que incluso había puesto una denuncia por presunta desgracia al no tener noticias de ella. No hubo respuesta. De golpe y sin preparación, Otilia se enteró por la prensa que su hija era el femicidio número catorce del año 2013.

Erika presentaba múltiples golpes y fracturas que reflejaban años de maltrato, sumado a un embarazo del que nadie había dado cuenta. Su muerte fue debido a una gran golpiza, anemia y septicemia generada por un embrión sin vida. El cuerpo de Erika estaba agotado, por lo que en un estado final de agonía expulsó fluidos corporales que fueron confundidos con comida en la primera autopsia.

La lucha de Otilia continuó, ella misma recogía pruebas, asistía a fiscalía y realizaba su propia investigación. Tras muchas horas de trabajo logró revocar la situación inicial que aventuraba una condena de no más de seis años para el asesino. Finalmente, Sergio Tranamil fue condenado a la primera cadena perpetua por femicidio en Chile. Actualmente también se investiga a la familia del femicida por su complicidad en el caso, ya que incluso fueron encontradas pruebas en las que la víctima pedía ayuda.

Violencia y acceso a la justicia: una relación incómoda

En Chile no existe información ni voluntad institucional para mejorar el acceso a la justicia para las mujeres víctimas de violencia. Mientras que en el campo internacional se consolida un amplio consenso acerca de que cualquiera de sus manifestaciones constituye una violación a los derechos humanos, sus limitaciones en Chile son evidentes: no existen factores que faciliten o permitan que las mujeres víctimas busquen asistencia, protección o reparación.

Actualmente el Estado deja la responsabilidad de denuncias exclusivamente en las víctimas, ignorando procesos de manipulación psicológica, temores, secuestros en el propio hogar y vulnerabilidad absoluta en la que muchas veces se encuentran las personas.

Y el escenario es tremendamente complejo porque cualquier estrategia dirigida erradicar la violencia contra las mujeres en todas sus manifestaciones, debe incluir necesariamente mecanismos para asegurar su autonomía física, económica y política.

De ahí la importancia del feminismo. Hoy en Chile, el patriarcado se expresa a través de la legislación, que no permite a las mujeres tener soberanía sobre nuestros cuerpos y fuerza a una maternidad obligatoria; se expresa a través de una política educacional sexista, que enseña desde pequeña/os las diferencias de género sobre las que se sostendrá el poderío masculino; a través de la institución de la familia, donde las mujeres aprenden a relacionarse de manera privativa y secreta con su sexualidad y cuerpo y donde desarrollan más cabalmente las nociones (opresivas) sobre masculinidad y feminidad. El femicidio es una de sus expresiones más brutales, donde cada año las mujeres pierden su vida en relaciones supuestamente amorosas, pero profundamente violentas. Se expresa también en ese amor romántico que enseña a tolerar el maltrato y el desprecio.

Pero la lucha no se detiene en políticas públicas, puesto que el patriarcado entra en profunda comunión con el sistema económico en el que vivimos: las mujeres son mano de obra barata para el capital, y apenas tienen resguardo de sus derechos; las mujeres aún continúan ganando menos sueldo por la misma labor realizada por un hombre, concentran mayores índices de pobreza y son discriminadas por el sistema de salud por estar en “edad fértil”: la crianza en Chile es una tarea casi exclusivamente femenina. Evidenciar esta realidad y profundizar su análisis permitirá enfrentar los desafíos futuros para transformar las relaciones de producción y reproducción de la vida en sociedad.

131 Comments

  1. I simply want to tell you that I’m beginner to blogging and absolutely savored your web site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You certainly come with awesome articles. Bless you for sharing with us your web page.

  2. I just want to mention I’m new to blogging and site-building and certainly enjoyed you’re web site. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You really have beneficial stories. Thank you for revealing your webpage.

  3. I simply want to say I’m newbie to blogging and truly enjoyed this page. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your site . You surely come with fantastic articles. Appreciate it for sharing your web page.

  4. I just want to say I am all new to weblog and truly loved this web-site. Likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You surely have perfect articles and reviews. Thanks for sharing with us your web-site.

  5. I just want to say I am just very new to weblog and actually liked this website. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You definitely have outstanding posts. Appreciate it for sharing with us your web-site.

  6. I just want to tell you that I am just new to blogging and absolutely enjoyed your blog site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You surely come with incredible articles. Kudos for sharing your web page.

  7. I just want to say I am just very new to blogs and actually enjoyed you’re blog site. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely have outstanding articles and reviews. Appreciate it for revealing your web site.

  8. I just want to say I’m new to blogs and seriously liked your blog site. Likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You definitely have great articles. Cheers for sharing with us your web-site.

  9. I just want to tell you that I’m newbie to weblog and certainly loved you’re web blog. Likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You definitely have impressive article content. Many thanks for revealing your webpage.

  10. I just want to mention I am all new to blogs and actually loved this web-site. Likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You surely have really good writings. Thanks a bunch for sharing your website.

  11. I simply want to say I am all new to blogging and site-building and seriously savored you’re web-site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your site . You amazingly have exceptional article content. Thank you for sharing your website.

  12. I simply want to say I am just new to blogging and site-building and seriously enjoyed you’re web-site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You amazingly come with fabulous writings. Bless you for revealing your web site.

  13. I just want to tell you that I am just new to blogs and honestly savored this website. Probably I’m going to bookmark your website . You really come with wonderful article content. Thank you for sharing with us your blog.

  14. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me dinner simply because I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this topic here on your site.

  15. I want to start a blog where I can talk to people and have them respond to my blogs. Not myspace or facebook. I tried blogger but the only blogs I could find were about global warming and guns. I want some where that I can open an account and say what I feel and people respond to my blogs and I can respond to theres. If anyone could help me that would be great!.

  16. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return once again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  17. Thanks so much regarding giving me personally an update on this subject matter on your website. Please know that if a completely new post becomes available or if maybe any improvements occur on the current submission, I would consider reading a whole lot more and learning how to make good use of those techniques you discuss. Thanks for your time and consideration of other males and ladies by creating this internet site available. holiday in cuba

  18. Hey! I know this really is somewhat off subject but I was wondering which blog platform are you employing for this website? I’m acquiring sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m seeking at alternatives for an additional platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a very good platform.

  19. I am extremely impressed along with your writing abilities as smartly as with the format for your weblog. Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to see a great blog like this one these days..|

  20. With our monetary system at a local completely is, I am choosing to make data on filing for jobless bonuses. This inspiration were to illustrate how our jobless machine works, what will be the fixed will be taking and rejecting professes, immediately following which add books within my own engagement ring data in what the supreme maneuvers in addition quite common goof ups are typically submitting redundancy elements.

  21. I loved as significantly as you will obtain performed correct here. The caricature is attractive, your authored material stylish. however, you command get got an impatience more than which you wish be turning within the following. ill surely come further formerly once more since precisely the related practically a great deal frequently within case you protect this increase.

  22. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  23. Just desire to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is just spectacular and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the rewarding work.|

  24. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was doing a little homework on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this issue here on your blog.|

  25. Having read this I thought it was rather informative. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!|

  26. You’re so cool! I do not believe I’ve truly read through a single thing like that before. So good to discover another person with original thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!|

  27. Right here is the perfect webpage for everyone who hopes to understand this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject that has been discussed for a long time. Great stuff, just great!

  28. I have a Blogger blog that is hooked up to my personal website. The actual blog is linked off of the homepage. I would like to know if there’s a widget or something that I can put on my website’s homepage that will show my latest blog posts. Not the whole post, but maybe just the headline and a link to go to my blog..

  29. I’m extremely pleased to discover this great site. I want to to thank you for ones time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every part of it and I have you saved as a favorite to look at new information on your web site.

  30. Is it possible to hide certain blog posts on Blogger? If so, how?. . I know that I can save my post as a draft, or have it scheduled, but what I need is to hide my post for a giveaway but still have certain followers be able to access it through a link.. . So it needs a url in blogger before I actually show all my followers, please help!.

  31. I have about 4-5 sites that are outdated and not used. I have a new blog @ blogspot and I would like to forward those domains so they show up on the blogspot address. How do I go about doing this? My domains are hosted by GoDaddy and are blank at the moment. I had originally forwarded them to another hosting company but they never built the sites..

  32. Hello! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.|

  33. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  34. Hey there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics? Thank you so much!|

  35. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me dinner because I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this matter here on your web site.

  36. When considering any trying this sort of scheme it is actually fundamentally vital that you bear in mind all of the parts before completely leaping in. Moreover you will have to come upon much bigger uncertainties experiencing the right ways to level your corporation into using this more than a little method.

  37. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me as much as this one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read, however I truly believed you’d have something helpful to say. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something you could possibly fix if you were not too busy seeking attention.

  38. I got what you intend, appreciate it for posting .Woh I am glad to find this website through google. “Wisdom doesn’t necessarily come with age. Sometimes age just shows up by itself.” by Woodrow Wilson.

  39. I really love your website.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you make this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create my very own blog and would like to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Thanks!

7 Trackbacks / Pingbacks

  1. Homepage
  2. fuck google
  3. fuck google
  4. fuck google
  5. 他妈的谷歌
  6. 他妈的谷歌
  7. porno

Dejar una contestacion

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.