Recurso de Uso Común: una alternativa para superar el desastre ambiental en Chile

por Salvador Oskita

 

La creciente privatización de los recursos naturales está llevando al país a un camino peligroso, a través de daños ambientales y concentración económica. Presentamos a continuación la propuesta de Elinor Ostrom, Premio Nobel de Economía, una salida distinta en la administración de recursos y protección del medioambiente.

Gran parte de los recursos naturales de Chile han sido privatizados: el cobre, el mar y la administración de las aguas, son sus más tristes ejemplos. Estos recursos, al ser explotados por privados, han generados grandes conflictos de carácter social y ambiental. Del listado anterior, el que más ha suscitado interés en la opinión pública es la privatización del mar mediante la implementación de la Ley de Pesca.

Dicha ley, ha sido cuestionada principalmente por la forma en que se gestó, ya que en ella participaron congresistas que tienen actualmente intereses económicos en el sector pesquero. Pero el análisis que se desea presentar tiene que ver con la forma en la cual se administra el recurso, y la excusa que se ha levantado para justificar su privatización. La Ley establece una contradicción: por una parte, establece la conservación y el uso sustentable de los recursos hidrobiológicos y, por otra, faculta al Estado la autorización a cualquier privado para su exploración y explotación.

El punto anterior es importante, ya que al autorizar la concesión del recurso a quien el Estado estime conveniente, puede generar un monopolio de la explotación del mar constituyendo un vicio en la administración del recurso. Hoy son 7 familias de grandes grupos empresariales que mantienen derechos exclusivos sobre la pesca en Chile ¿Existen otras formas de explotar y administrar los recursos? ¿Se puede escapar a la dicotomía estatización-privatización?rucs 1

La cientista política norteamericana Elinor Ostrom, investigó que la cooperación y la administración colectiva de los recursos no sólo permitían la explotación adecuada, sino también, su cuidado y preservación.

Ostrom estableció con ejemplos reales y no solo con una abstracción teórica, los principios de administración de lo que ella llamó Recurso de Uso Común (RUC). Dentro de sus principios, destaca que la forma que administre el RUC debe ser coherente con las condiciones de la localidad, debe ser sencillo en su funcionamiento y no estar sobre burocratizado, las autoridades deben reconocer el derecho a la auto organización de las comunidades para su uso, la cual debe ser coherente con la complejidad de la red asociada a la administración del recurso, o sea, se debe tener en cuenta si quienes administran son una familia, un poblado, una región o un país completo.

El trabajo realizado por Ostrom, permitió en la década de los 60 superar la grave crisis hídrica que se vivió en Los Ángeles, California, producto de la explotación de las aguas subterráneas. Para solucionar el problema, se modificaron los derechos de aguas otorgados, se creó el Distrito de Aguas de las Cuencas Central y Oeste y se instauró un sistema de empresas públicas coordinadas y descentralizadas. También se realizaron reuniones con los principales extractores de agua y se definieron las medidas a tomar en conjunto, logrando soluciones con bajo impacto económico y evitando realizar grandes inversiones.

De acuerdo a los planteamientos anteriores, se podrían administrar perfectamente los recursos naturales sin exponerlos a la excesiva sobreexplotación y evitando conflictos sociales por dejar en manos ajenas recursos de economías locales. Los principios de Ostrom permiten avanzar hacia el establecimiento de una nueva forma de administrar y cuidar nuestros recursos y el medioambiente, probada en la realidad, en distintas zonas del planeta. Esta iniciativa permitió a Elinor Ostrom ser la única mujer galardonada con el Premio Nobel de Economía en el año 2009 por su importante contribución a la humanidad.

[Publicado en la edición N°29 de Solidaridad.]

 

 

 

 

177 Comments

  1. I just want to say I’m all new to blogs and definitely enjoyed this web page. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You really have incredible well written articles. Kudos for sharing with us your website.

  2. I simply want to mention I am newbie to blogging and definitely enjoyed this website. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your site . You definitely have awesome well written articles. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your blog.

  3. I just want to tell you that I am just newbie to blogs and certainly enjoyed this web site. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You certainly have perfect well written articles. With thanks for sharing your blog.

  4. I simply want to mention I am just all new to blogging and certainly liked this website. Very likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You really have superb posts. Thank you for sharing with us your webpage.

  5. I just want to say I am beginner to weblog and honestly savored your page. Probably I’m going to bookmark your blog . You amazingly come with tremendous articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing with us your web-site.

  6. I just want to mention I am just beginner to blogs and really enjoyed you’re blog. Probably I’m going to bookmark your blog . You definitely have fantastic articles and reviews. Thanks a lot for sharing your website page.

  7. I simply want to tell you that I am just very new to blogging and certainly enjoyed your web blog. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your site . You absolutely have impressive well written articles. Kudos for revealing your website page.

  8. I simply want to tell you that I am very new to blogging and site-building and actually enjoyed you’re web site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You absolutely come with superb articles. Thanks for sharing with us your blog.

  9. I simply want to tell you that I’m very new to blogging and seriously liked your blog. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You actually have amazing stories. Bless you for sharing your web site.

  10. I simply want to mention I am just new to blogging and site-building and honestly savored you’re blog. Probably I’m want to bookmark your website . You really come with good posts. Regards for sharing your website.

  11. I just want to tell you that I am just very new to weblog and definitely enjoyed your page. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your site . You absolutely come with wonderful articles. With thanks for sharing with us your webpage.

  12. I simply want to tell you that I’m newbie to blogs and truly liked this blog site. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have perfect posts. Thanks a bunch for revealing your blog.

  13. I simply want to tell you that I am all new to blogs and absolutely enjoyed you’re web-site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You really have awesome posts. Bless you for sharing your webpage.

  14. I have observed that costs for on-line degree authorities tend to be a fantastic value. For example a full Bachelors Degree in Communication in the University of Phoenix Online consists of Sixty credits with $515/credit or $30,900. Also American Intercontinental University Online offers a Bachelors of Business Administration with a whole program feature of 180 units and a tuition fee of $30,560. Online learning has made obtaining your college degree so much easier because you could earn your degree from the comfort of your dwelling place and when you finish working. Thanks for all other tips I have certainly learned from your web-site.

  15. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  16. I needed to create you one little bit of remark just to thank you so much the moment again on your nice things you’ve provided on this website. It’s really remarkably open-handed with you to grant without restraint what exactly a number of people might have offered for sale as an e book in order to make some profit for themselves, specifically given that you might well have tried it in the event you desired. These basics likewise served as the great way to be aware that many people have the identical fervor much like my very own to realize lots more in regard to this matter. Certainly there are some more pleasurable times ahead for individuals who browse through your site.

  17. I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I¡¦ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  18. I really love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my very own site and want to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Many thanks!

  19. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  20. Hi there very nice site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally¡KI am happy to seek out numerous helpful information here in the submit, we need develop extra strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  21. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  22. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s both educative and engaging, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The problem is something which not enough people are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I came across this during my search for something regarding this.

  23. After study several the websites on your own internet website now, i truly like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site list and will also be checking back soon. Pls consider my web-site likewise and tell me what you consider.

  24. Considerably, the submit is really the finest on this worthy subject. I agree along together with your findings and in addition can thirstily appear forward to Your personal long term updates. Simply just saying many thanks will not merely you want to be enough, for that fantastic clarity inside your writing. I will straight away grab your rss to remain up-to-date with any kind of improvements. Genuine perform and also a great deal success inside your company dealings!

  25. of course like your web-site however you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to inform the truth then again I will definitely come again again.

  26. I cling on to listening to the rumor lecture about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?

  27. I really wanted to compose a brief note to be able to say thanks to you for all the wonderful ways you are giving out on this website. My particularly long internet look up has finally been rewarded with good quality content to write about with my colleagues. I would tell you that many of us website visitors are rather endowed to exist in a fine network with so many marvellous individuals with valuable basics. I feel somewhat lucky to have discovered the site and look forward to many more fabulous times reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  28. Hello blogger. I like your weblog about Tales from abroad » Blog Archive » Rafting. I was wondering, i’m preparing to make a blog for myself. I want to use wordpress like you. Where did you get your template? Should you post your answer here below, i will read this in the next couple of day’s. Thanks bbw webcamsex

  29. Thank you for sharing exceptional informations. Your internet site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you?ve on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this internet site page, will come back for a lot more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I identified basically the info I already searched all more than the place and just could not come across. What a perfect internet site.

  30. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.

  31. I precisely needed to appreciate you once again. I do not know the things I could possibly have gone through in the absence of the entire opinions documented by you on such a field. It had been a depressing scenario for me, but considering this skilled fashion you dealt with the issue forced me to cry over fulfillment. I am thankful for your help and in addition expect you realize what an amazing job you were getting into training other individuals using your web site. I am certain you have never met all of us.

  32. Aw, this was a really nice post. In thought I wish to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and precise effort to make an outstanding article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and under no circumstances seem to get something done.

  33. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything. However think about if you added some great pictures or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this website could definitely be one of the most beneficial in its field. Very good blog!|

  34. This constantly amazes me exactly how blog owners for example yourself can find the time and also the commitment to keep on composing wonderful blog posts. Your web site isexcellent and 1 of my own ought to read blogs. I just want to thank you.

  35. I cling on to listening to the rumor talk about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the most excellent site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i find some?

  36. Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Finding the time and actual effort to create a really good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

  37. Job scope at significant scale lies for forensic science experts at crime laboratories rub by city, county or state governments. The other region exactly exactly where an individual seeking for a career in forensic science can secure job are Federal agencies including the Departments of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, Drug Enforcement Administration, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, Postal Inspection Service and other crucial departments, private labs and university laboratories is also a location of work for Forensic Science technician.

  38. I don’t even know how I stopped up right here, but I thought this publish used to be great. I do not realize who you might be however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger should you are not already. Cheers!|

  39. hello!,I like your writing so so much! share we keep in touch extra approximately your article on AOL? I need a specialist on this area to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look forward to peer you.

  40. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  41. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  42. I’d like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this site. I am hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal blog now 😉

  43. Hello everyone,. . I am looking to buy a new computer to run an Adobe CS4 Suite. Let just say the Master Suite. I’m mostly going to be running Premiere, Illustrator and Photoshop. I want a computer that is going to completely dominate without any problems whatsoever. Price is not an issue, I want to do this right. . . I want the computer to run as many applications I need at the same time flawlessly without slowing down or crashing. Any ideas?.

  44. Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily pleasant chance to discover important secrets from this blog. It really is very cool plus packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit your web site at a minimum thrice weekly to study the fresh things you have got. Of course, we are actually astounded considering the eye-popping opinions served by you. Selected 2 points in this article are indeed the most suitable we’ve ever had.

  45. What i do not realize is if truth be told how you are no longer actually a lot more neatly-preferred than you might be now. You are so intelligent. You recognize therefore considerably on the subject of this matter, made me in my view consider it from so many various angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated except it is one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs great. At all times handle it up!|

  46. I just couldn’t leave your web site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information an individual provide in your guests? Is gonna be again ceaselessly to inspect new posts|

  47. hello there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  48. Thanks for every other wonderful post. The place else could anyone get that type of info in such a perfect method of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the search for such information.

  49. Its like you learn my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the e book in it or something. I think that you could do with some percent to power the message house a little bit, however other than that, that is excellent blog. A great read. I will certainly be back.|

  50. I always used to think that, while, the first word meant a person who blogs, the second word stood for a blog hosting site! Now, I am utterly confused because my uncle tells me, that both of them are the same hosting site for those who blog with Google using blogger/blogspot! Can somebody with authentic knowledge please help me resolve my doubt? Please take my question seriously and “I earnestly request” Y!A members to respond with discreet academic answers, following community guidelines..

  51. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What a perfect web-site.

  52. I want to show my love for your kindness for people who absolutely need assistance with this particular topic. Your real dedication to passing the solution all-around turned out to be certainly useful and have regularly empowered ladies like me to get to their desired goals. Your warm and helpful guide signifies a great deal to me and even further to my peers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  53. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  54. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  55. Thank you, I’ve recently been looking for info approximately this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I have came upon so far. But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain in regards to the source?

  56. I was just seeking this information for some time. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your web site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Normally the top websites are full of garbage.

  57. Fascinating blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme. Cheers|

  58. I really love to write and I’m pretty good at it. But whenever I try to write a story or something I start off good but always end up throwing it away–I can never seem to finish it. . . Sometimes I have a good idea that I really like but it’s just hard for me to write a story about and keep going. I like creative writing, but now I’ve almost given up because I can’t even write a short story. HELP!!! What should I do?. Any good creative writing websites to help me get started? Books?. I’m DESPERATE!!.

  59. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with exactly the same comment. Is there any way it is possible to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  60. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  61. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any methods to stop hackers?|

  62. They get in touch me Darell Farrington but unfortunately I wouldn’t like when people help my full name. To solve vague ideas is each of our hobby he’s going to never take off doing. North Dakota exactly where we’ve lived for prolonged time. I am any kind of a bookkeeper.

  63. Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  64. I must show some thanks to this writer for bailing me out of this type of condition. Because of looking throughout the internet and obtaining opinions that were not productive, I assumed my entire life was well over. Existing devoid of the answers to the difficulties you have solved by way of this guide is a critical case, as well as those which might have negatively affected my career if I had not come across your website. Your good natural talent and kindness in controlling the whole thing was vital. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a step like this. I am able to at this point look forward to my future. Thank you very much for your professional and sensible help. I won’t hesitate to endorse your web blog to anyone who needs and wants support on this situation.

  65. Great paintings! That is the type of info that are supposed to be shared around the net. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit higher! Come on over and discuss with my web site . Thank you =)

  66. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything such as this just before. So good to locate somebody with some original suggestions on this topic. realy we appreciate you starting this up. this internet web site are some issues that is required on-line, a person with just a little originality. beneficial project for bringing new stuff towards the world wide internet!

  67. hello there and thank you for your information – I have certainly picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site, since I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  68. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and appearance. I must say you have done a fantastic job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Internet explorer. Outstanding Blog!|

  69. Hi there very nice blog!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally¡KI’m satisfied to search out numerous helpful information right here within the submit, we’d like develop more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  70. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you really understand what you are speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Please additionally discuss with my web site =). We will have a hyperlink trade contract between us!

  71. May I simply just say what a comfort to discover somebody who actually knows what they’re talking about on the net. You actually understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to read this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you’re not more popular because you definitely have the gift.|

  72. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  73. Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!|

  74. Raz po raz szybsze stopa istnienia w zlaczeniu sposrod jego stresujacym trendem przyczynia sie do podniesienia ambarasow z wzwod wsrod wielu nowoczesnych jegomosci. Wychodzac po drugiej stronie drogi ich pragnieniom komplet naczyn stolowych wlasny przekazuje sprawna pomocnik w oznaczaniu najwazniejszej postaci sluzb w owym odcinku. Trwaj profesjonalne protekcja dodatkowo odwiedzaj polski serwis poprzednio teraz a zasugerujesz sie podczas gdy bez liku mozesz nabyc w ulepszeniu opowiadan erotycznych ze wlasna mezatka.

  75. Nie zawzdy dostrzegalna chorobsko somatyczna czyniaca w niezwykle wydajny metoda na maszynerie fizjologiczne wzwodu przypuszczalnie wywolywac bezusterkowe szkopuly z wzwodem posrod wielu wspolczesnie przebywajacych mezczyzn. Uzytkujac sposrod wysmazonych za sprawa nas calosc bezplatnych narad w tym obrebie posiadasz wybor zywego wyzbycia sie bezblednych spowolnien w Twoich opowiadaniach erotycznych. Orzeknijze kiedy funkcjonalne metody Ci oferujemy.

1 Trackback / Pingback

  1. URL

Dejar una contestacion

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.