Editorial Eleuterio: cuando los libros se convierten en un arma de lucha

por Adela Velarde

 

Presentamos una entrevista realizada a la editorial independiente, que inspirada en el anarquismo, ha desarrollado un importante rescate de autores como Rafael Barret, Piotr Kropotkin y Élisée Reclus. Con cinco años de existencia, abren camino para alimentar la imaginación y ampliar los horizontes del pensamiento.

Editorial Eleuterio nació el año 2010 con su primera colección “Breves”, catálogo de ediciones económicas de tratados relacionados al anarquismo. Un proyecto que se propuso gestionar el Grupo de Estudios José Domingo Gómez Rojas con el fin de nutrir las fuentes bibliográficas relacionadas al pensamiento anarquista y, al mismo tiempo, crear un medio para canalizar sus lecturas e investigaciones.

 

“Eleuterio” es el adjetivo del vocablo griego “eleutheria”, que se traduce como “libertad”. Es el hombre libre, la mujer libre, ser libre. ¿Cómo estos ideales inspiran el trabajo de la editorial?

Nuestro catálogo, en este sentido, lleva el pulso internacionalista propio del anarquismo. Lou Marin es un autor franco-alemán a quien traducimos, Rodrigo Quesada es de Costa Rica, los Cuadernos de Literatura despliegan un variado árbol de autores latinoamericanos. Nuestro álbum de libros entiende que su patria es el mundo entero. En estos momentos sumamos 17 títulos de Editorial Eleuterio y 4 números de “Erosión, Revista de Pensamiento Anarquista”. Se distribuyen en distintas colecciones: “Breves”, “Cuadernos de Literatura”, “Construyente”, “Historia Ácrata”, “Educación” y la serie “El Hombre y la Tierra”, además de las co-ediciones.

 

La Editorial forma parte de la Cooperativa de Editores de la Furia, cuyo propósito es coordinar a las editoriales independientes no solo con un propósito económico, sino también para pensar en nuevas formas del libro y la lectura desde una perspectiva más democrática y múltiple. ¿Cómo surge esta apuesta?

Las estructuras locales que articulan el mundo del libro están, sin duda, añejas. Desde la dictadura hasta hoy, es muy poco lo que podemos rescatar. Atrás quedaron los días de un Nascimento o de un Enrique Espinoza, editores que pensaron desde la autonomía y el amor por el oficio, con trabajos de gran calidad y relevancia literaria. Pese a esto, en la Cooperativa se puede hallar, nuevamente, ese ímpetu. Somos más de 30 editoriales independientes, es decir, que estamos fuera de las editoriales transnacionales (aglutinadas en grupos que devoran a otras editoras) y del mercado de grandes cifras, que está más relacionado a los textos pedagógicos. Nos coordinamos para ir a ferias a lo largo de todo Chile o al extranjero y, actualmente, estamos armando un encuentro donde nos reuniremos a discutir acerca de la situación y proyección del libro en Chile. Hay muchos asuntos que deseamos analizar, que van más allá del IVA, como por ejemplo el precio impreso en tapa o la importancia que está tomando el libro digital.

 

En un país con escasos lectores y donde el libro no tienen una valorización social comparable con ciertos bienes económicos ¿no es una apuesta arriesgada sostener una editorial independiente?

Es verdad que los lectores son escasos. Por lo mismo, Editorial Eleuterio es una editorial pequeña, independiente como dicen. Los 500 o 1000 ejemplares que podemos poner en circulación son muy ínfimos si pensamos en las editoriales transnacionales o en las cadenas de distribución que alcanzan algunos libros en supermercados y malls. En este sentido, pensamos el proyecto a su medida: quienes trabajamos en él no recibimos remuneraciones, sus ganancias se depositan en nuevos proyectos y se mantiene un ritmo de responsabilidades que se condice con nuestras ocupaciones laborales o académicas.

 

En este difícil escenario, ¿cómo evalúan el rol del Estado en el desarrollo de una política para el fomento del libro y la lectura?

Nosotros poco creemos en las políticas que se emanan desde la alta esfera del Estado, que bien podría ahorrarse de comprar un par de aviones o tanques para distribuir los recursos que adquiere de los impuestos en educación o cultura. Sabemos que ello no ocurrirá jamás. No estamos en prioridades de un Estado. Solo confiamos en un trabajo autónomo, que madure junto a la sociedad que lo crea.

 

¿Cuál es el futuro del libro en Chile?

En un futuro cercano, crecerá la presencia de los libros digitales, la eclosión de editoriales se diluirá y las transnacionales de textos educativos aumentarán su capital. Las bibliotecas seguirán oscilando entre espacio de lectura y lugar con wi-fi gratuito. Dudamos que bajen los precios de los libros, por lo que será tarea de las editoriales cuidar que el valor de ellos sea accesible para todas y todos. En otras palabras, según el estado actual, no tenemos muchas esperanzas en el futuro. Sí confiamos en el presente. Sólo el día a día, la concreción de proyectos que van más allá de nuestras tareas editoriales y que imaginan la valoración del libro por su contenido cultural o incluso estético (que sea, en otras palabras, un objeto bello, bien armado, grato a la vista), nos señalarán si el futuro, que es aquello que construimos en el cotidiano, está a nuestro favor, o si seguirá en el ritmo del libro como un producto más del mercado.

 

 

portadaeducacion

Educación Anarquista, Aprendizajes para una sociedad libre
Varios autores

«Educación Anarquista, Aprendizajes para una sociedad libre», es un libro que ha apostado por la innovación, constituyendo una antología de autores actuales que nos permiten conocer (o por lo menos esbozar) la historia, los principios, la teoría y la práctica de la idea educativa ácrata. Los autores, latinoamericanos y europeos y todos ellos relacionados a la educación, son Félix García Moriyón, Héloisa Castellanos, Hugues Lenoir, Silvio Gallo, Pere Solà, Francesco Codello, Josefa Martín Luengo, Daniel Parajua y Lamberto Borghi.

 

 

 

Portada(A)OrdenSinAutoridad

Anarquía. Orden sin autoridad
Rodrigo Quesada Monge

En «Anarquía. Orden sin autoridad», el historiador costarricense Rodrigo Quesada realiza un recorrido a través de las ideas anarquistas mediante dos enfoques: en la primera parte, el “legado ético” de la anarquía, donde aborda temas como la familia, el amor, la propiedad, la comida, la guerra y el terrorismo, mientras que la segunda parte versa sobre el “legado histórico”, repasando los diversos hitos donde las ideas ácratas han sido llevadas a la práctica, tanto en Europa como en América entera.

 

 

 

 

Educacion - PortadaEducación, serie El Hombre y la Tierra
Élisée Recus

«Educación» es el segundo volumen de la serie «El Hombre y la Tierra». Antecedido por «El Estado Moderno», con este volumen vamos avanzando en el ambicioso propósito de esta serie: publicar una selección de apartados de la voluminosa obra El Hombre y la Tierra del geógrafo francés Élisée Reclus.
La lectura de este libro es indispensable para todas y todos aquellos que buscan emancipar la educación de su estado de servidumbre, en tanto Reclus, pensando desde los primitivos y analizando la infalibilidad de la enseñanza, cuestiona la necesidad de pruebas, exámenes y diplomas, anteponiendo a ello una nueva relación con la ciencia, el arte y la naturaleza: la desnudez, la higiene general, la educación de la estética, el aprendizaje de una lengua común (como el esperanto), la co-educación, entre otros, son los tópicos que abarca Élisée Reclus con aquella característica lucidez que nos permite leerlo después de un siglo.

 

 

Encuentra mas en: Grupo de Estudios José Domingo Gómez Rojas y en Editorial Eleuterio

 

[Publicado en la edición N°28 de Solidaridad]

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