Flora Tristán: una luchadora feminista que traspasa fronteras

Flora Célestine Thérèse Henriette Tristán y Moscoso Lesnais (1803-1844) fue una escritora francesa de ascendencia peruana. Poco conocida dentro de la historiografía oficial, probablemente olvidada de manera intencional debido a la rebeldía y ansias de libertad que emanaban de sus escritos. Entre sus obras destacan; Peregrinaciones de una paria (1839), Paseos en Londres (1840) y el folleto La unión obrera (1843).

flora-tristan 3Luego de la muerte repentina de su padre, un coronel peruano exiliado, quedó junto a su madre en la más absoluta miseria, sumergiéndose en la vida cotidiana del pueblo trabajador. Esta experiencia la llevó con posterioridad a asumir un profundo compromiso con aquellas personas a quienes el progreso social prometido por la modernidad capitalista había dejado abandonados a su propia suerte.

En su época si bien ya existía cierta tradición teórica que reclamaba la igualdad de la mujer, gracias a la Filosofía de la Ilustración y los movimientos que tuvieron lugar durante la Revolución Francesa, aún no existía una sistematización exhaustiva de las reflexiones que darían posteriormente origen al pensamiento feminista como doctrina. Sin embargo, durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX, ya se había generado el reclamo por la igualdad de la mujer y comenzaba a descalificarse con mayor fuerza el discurso patriarcal, contribuyendo de esta manera a la edificación de la teoría feminista, la cual aún se encontraba en un estado embrionario de conformación y con sus márgenes todavía bastante difusos y poco delimitados. Tristán fue una pionera que se insertó dentro de esta tendencia, rechazando con vehemencia el falso principio que afirma la inferioridad de la naturaleza femenina, cuestionando la institución del matrimonio y la falta de derechos civiles, educativos y económicos de las mujeres.

La búsquedFlora-Tristan 1a de puentes entre la preocupación por la superación de la desigualdad social y lo referente a la situación de opresión que viven las mujeres bajo el patriarcado, fueron una constante en la obra y vida de Flora Tristán. Ella es la primera mujer que intenta fusionar en una síntesis critica el discurso proto-feminista y social, abriendo el camino que llevaría a la futura conformación de un feminismo de carácter proletario o clasista, que considera inconcebible que existan mujeres oprimidas que sean capaces de oprimir a otras mujeres.

Durante el período en que se circunscribe la obra de Tristán, se producen cambios radicales en el continente europeo, debido a la implementación del modo de producción capitalista, la consecuente modernización e industrialización de la sociedad y a la difusión del ideario igualitario-democrático impulsado por la Ilustración y la Revolución Francesa. Sin embargo, las expectativas de bienestar que se generaron en un principio chocaron frontalmente con la realidad. El inminente progreso material que llegaría a todas y todos, y el fin de la escasez y la miseria propugnado por el discurso moderno se desvanecieron en el aire y, por el contrario, se generó aún mayor desigualdad y explotación para grandes masas de seres humanos. Las mujeres seguían excluidas de los derechos más elementales y el proletariado, cada vez más numeroso, quedaba totalmente al margen de la riqueza producida en fábricas y talleres.

Frente a este panorama diversos reformadores sociales comenzaron a crear sistemas sociales ideales para poder corregir los males de esta sociedad; Cabet, Owen, Saint Simon y Fourier, fueron algunos de los primeros teóricos en autodenominarse “socialistas”. Marx les agregaría posteriormente el adjetivo de “utópicos”, debido a la confianza casi ciega que poseían en el poder regenerador de la educación, su pacifismo a ultranza, y en la ingenua confianza de redención de la clase burguesa.

fora 2Flora, hija de su tiempo, fue fuertemente influenciada por esta corriente de pensamiento social. Pero a pesar de ello, pudo dar un paso más allá; fue la primera en afirmar que el proletariado debía unificarse como clase y liberarse así mismo, es decir, confiando en sus propias fuerzas. Idea que recogerá posteriormente Marx en la celebre consigna de la I Internacional “la emancipación de los trabajadores será obra de los trabajadores mismos”, y que será reivindicada por el movimiento anarquista internacional hasta el presente.

Sin duda, Flora Tristán fue un eslabón fundamental en la lucha moderna contra la dominación patriarcal y el capitalismo. Por eso la recordamos. Su pensamiento fue clave para el nacimiento del movimiento feminista de tintes revolucionarios que emergió de manera organizada y con fuerza entre fines del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX. Hoy, en pleno siglo XXI las mujeres aún luchan por su autonomía y derechos reproductivos, y junto a otros actores sociales, continúan en la gigantesca tarea de edificar al calor de lucha la nueva sociedad.

por Nahuel Valenzuela

123 Comments en Flora Tristán: una luchadora feminista que traspasa fronteras

  1. I just want to tell you that I’m newbie to blogs and really savored this website. More than likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You surely come with great article content. Bless you for sharing your webpage.

  2. I simply want to mention I am just newbie to blogs and definitely liked you’re web-site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You definitely come with fabulous stories. With thanks for sharing your website page.

  3. I simply want to say I am new to weblog and seriously loved you’re page. Probably I’m going to bookmark your site . You definitely have remarkable article content. With thanks for sharing your webpage.

  4. I simply want to tell you that I am all new to blogging and site-building and certainly liked this web page. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with awesome articles and reviews. Thanks for sharing your webpage.

  5. I just want to tell you that I’m very new to weblog and absolutely savored your web page. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You actually come with great articles and reviews. Thanks a lot for sharing with us your webpage.

  6. I just want to say I’m all new to weblog and truly liked this web page. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You actually come with fantastic articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing with us your website.

  7. I simply want to mention I am just beginner to blogging and definitely liked your web page. Most likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You absolutely have tremendous well written articles. Cheers for sharing with us your web-site.

  8. I just want to tell you that I am just newbie to blogging and site-building and truly enjoyed your blog. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly have very good writings. Bless you for sharing your blog site.

  9. I simply want to say I am just new to blogs and seriously loved you’re web site. Very likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely come with beneficial well written articles. Kudos for revealing your website page.

  10. I simply want to tell you that I am just very new to weblog and really liked this blog. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely have amazing articles. Thanks a lot for sharing your blog site.

  11. I simply want to tell you that I am just new to blogging and site-building and really liked this blog site. Probably I’m going to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with wonderful well written articles. With thanks for sharing with us your web site.

  12. I simply want to tell you that I am very new to blogging and site-building and seriously liked you’re page. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have remarkable articles. Many thanks for revealing your web site.

  13. You have touched some nice factors here. Any way keep up wrinting. Best regards

  14. There is visibly a bundle to identify about this. I suppose you made various good points in features also.

  15. […]below you’ll uncover the link to some web pages that we think you must visit[…]

  16. I couldn’t resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  17. How do I make one of my blog posts appear on another one of my pages?

  18. I needed to thank you for this good read!! I certainly enjoyed every bit of it. I have got you bookmarked to look at new things you post…

  19. Good web site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find high-quality writing like yours these days. I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  20. May I just say what a relief to uncover somebody who actually knows what they are discussing on the internet. You certainly understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More people must check this out and understand this side of the story. It’s surprising you are not more popular because you certainly have the gift.

  21. I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and reporting! Maintain up the very very good works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

  22. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue along with your site in internet explorer, might test this… IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a big element of other folks will miss your great writing due to this problem.

  23. I seriously love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my own personal website and would love to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  24. Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular article! It’s the little changes that make the most significant changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  25. How do you find time to post gems like this all the time?

  26. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me lunch due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this subject here on your web site.

  27. nice job thank you.

  28. Reading, watching movies or plays, or comparable activities that might bring inspiration.

  29. Fantastic post, thanks so a lot for sharing. Do you happen to have an RSS feed I can subscribe to?

  30. cool page , bookmarked

  31. This is a good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise information… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!

  32. What are some not so well known blog sites to start a blog?

  33. A domain name name, or Internet address, is an deal with exactly where it’s effortless to be observed online. It’s how you’ll communicate yourself by indicates of e-mail or your site and it is which buyers assume of once attempting to discover you.

  34. Great blog you have got here.. It’s hard to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  35. I ought to point out my appreciation for your generosity supporting females who definitely require help with this question. Your special commitment to passing the solution throughout was remarkably functional and has continually helped associates just like me to attain their ambitions. Your remarkable warm and valuable suggestions signifies this much to me and particularly to my colleagues. Finest wishes; from every person of us.

  36. Can I make a suggestion? I believe youve obtained something very good here. But what really should you added a pair links to a page that backs up what youre saying? Or possibly you can give us one thing to look at, 1 thing that may possibly connect what youre saying to one thing tangible? Only a suggestion. Anyway, in my language, there aren’t considerably great source like this.

  37. Hi! I just would like to give you a huge thumbs up for your great information you have here on this post. I will be coming back to your site for more soon.

  38. Appreciate this post. Will try it out.|

  39. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!|

  40. I have an idea for a really good website but have never started a website before, so I don’t know where to start..

  41. Very good blog. Please read something mine. See you!

  42. I’m gone to convey my little brother, that he should also visit this webpage on regular basis to get updated from newest gossip.|

  43. Hello there, just became alert to your blog by means of Google, and located that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will probably be grateful in the event you continue this in future. A lot of men and women will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  44. I really love your blog.. Great colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m planning to create my very own website and would love to know where you got this from or what the theme is called. Thanks!

  45. I couldn’t resist commenting. Well written!

  46. It truly is truly a good and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied which you shared this beneficial data with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  47. I was looking at some of your posts on this internet site and I believe this site is rattling instructive! Retain posting.

  48. Hey There. I located your weblog utilizing msn. This really is an incredibly properly written write-up. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll undoubtedly comeback.

  49. Can I simply say what a comfort to find someone who truly understands what they are talking about on the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people must read this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you are not more popular since you definitely possess the gift.

  50. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment. I do believe that you need to publish more on this subject matter, it might not be a taboo subject but typically folks don’t talk about these topics. To the next! All the best!!

  51. Saved as a favorite, I like your blog!

  52. I could not refrain from commenting. Perfectly written!

  53. It’s hard to come by educated people about this subject, however, you seem like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  54. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this site. I really hope to see the same high-grade content by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal blog now

  55. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It is the little changes that make the most important changes. Many thanks for sharing!|

  56. Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any recommendations for inexperienced blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.|

  57. Searching forward to move into one more hous?!… […]Real estate busines is finding far more and a lot more less protitable, take a look at why[…]…

  58. There is definately a great deal to find out about this subject. I really like all of the points you’ve made.

  59. Can I just say what a relief to discover an individual who really knows what they are discussing over the internet. You definitely understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people ought to read this and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you are not more popular because you surely have the gift.|

  60. I used to be able to find good advice from your blog posts.

  61. Very good information. Lucky me I ran across your website by accident (stumbleupon). I’ve saved as a favorite for later!

  62. Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  63. This website certainly has all the information I wanted about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  64. For hottest information you have to pay a quick visit world-wide-web and on the web I found this site as a best site for most up-to-date updates.|

  65. Having read this I believed it was really enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this informative article together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

  66. For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no question very soon it will be well-known, due to its quality contents.|

  67. What is the difference between a blog and a website?

  68. What You Should Know About Marijuana Addiction Symptoms

  69. Thank you, I’ve recently been hunting for info about this subject matter for ages and yours is the best I’ve located so far.

  70. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thanks, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody else having identical RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  71. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!|

  72. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be useful to read through articles from other writers and practice a little something from their sites.

  73. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I believe that you should write more on this issue, it may not be a taboo subject but usually folks don’t discuss these subjects. To the next! Cheers!!

  74. The very next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won’t fail me as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, nonetheless I really thought you would probably have something useful to say. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you could possibly fix if you were not too busy seeking attention.

  75. Aw, this was a very good post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to make a top notch article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and don’t seem to get anything done.|

  76. I love it whenever people come together and share thoughts. Great blog, continue the good work!

  77. Very great info can be found on website . “Politics is applesauce.” by Will Rogers.

  78. I’d ought to verify with you here. Which isn’t something I often do! I enjoy studying a publish that can make men and women feel. Also, thanks for permitting me to remark!

  79. Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Taking the time and actual effort to create a very good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  80. Where are some good places to get good free blogger templates?. I know of pyzam but I would like to search others, what are some good sites?.

  81. This site was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Thanks!

  82. Howdy, There’s no doubt that your blog might be having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Besides that, excellent blog!

  83. Dead written articles , Genuinely enjoyed reading .

  84. Marvelous, what a webpage it is! This web site presents valuable information to us, keep it up.|

  85. Hi, I do believe this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back once again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  86. 340831 732219Hey mate, .This was an excellent post for such a hard subject to talk about. I look forward to seeing many more excellent posts like this one. Thanks 291998

  87. I want to transfer to a college that focuses on English and have a good Creative Writing program. I want to major in creative writing but don’t know what college to transfer to..

  88. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor olpsostty were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  89. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  90. I really like it when people come together and share opinions. Great site, continue the good work!|

  91. I have not checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  92. you happen to be actually a just appropriate webmaster. The web web site loading velocity is awesome. It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve performed a wonderful process in this topic! Prishtina Travel

  93. i buy a domain and host and as subdomain i have a choice to creat a blog. i love to do it but i completely dazed!!! can anyone help me to make it right?. I buy a domain and host and as subdomain i have a choice to creat a blog. i love to do it but i completely dazed!!! can anyone help me to make it right? . my problem IS that i don’t know what to do! . i use plesk, and there ( in my httpdocs ) i have a folder named BLOG, in there i have my first page! its firs page ( my blog page) told me that put your theme here, my problem is… what theme? it support php too. the problem is that and that’s compeletly complex!.

  94. Co mi mówi podniebienie rano. Kawa i herbata. Tak dokładnie ale jakości najlepszej !!!

  95. There’s certainly a lot to learn about this issue. I love all the points you made.

  96. Good post. I learn some thing a lot harder on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating you just read content from other writers and employ a specific thing at their store. I’d opt to apply certain employing the content material on my own blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll provide a link on your personal web weblog. A lot of thanks sharing.

  97. I simply could not depart your web site before suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information an individual provide in your visitors? Is gonna be again often to check up on new posts|

  98. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite certain I will learn a lot of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!|

  99. I actually appreciate this post. I have been seeking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I identified it on Bing. You might have made my day! Thx again

  100. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!|

  101. I am working on consolodating my online brand and identity. How to i set my blog up to receive the comments i post on others blogs or the questions I answer on Yahoo Answers or Linked in Q&A? . . What do I have to do when i comment or answer on others sites to ensure it improves my SEO?.

  102. Hi, Neat post. There is a problem with your web site in web explorer, would test this… IE still is the marketplace leader and a good component of other people will miss your excellent writing due to this problem.

  103. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!|

  104. Greetings. All the author’s named is Cecile Steppe regardless of she doesn’t seem to really like being designated like that. Virginia is where his or her house is almost certainly. The thing I adore most gonna be karaoke but nevertheless I’ve recently taking on the subject of new techniques lately. Credit authorising is specifically what he will.

  105. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It’s always helpful to read articles from other writers and practice something from other web sites.

  106. you’re actually a good webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a magnificent task on this subject!|

  107. Wonderful post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our website. Keep up the good writing.

  108. thanks for this article I really liked it, keep up the good work@

  109. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who has been conducting a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your web site.

  110. After looking at a few of the blog articles on your blog, I seriously like your way of blogging. I saved it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future. Please visit my web site too and tell me how you feel.

  111. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic. I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is really a wonderful web site.|

  112. It is in reality a great and helpful piece of information. I am happy that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  113. Fantasy baseball promo code for Draftkings

  114. yeah, really nice article 🙂

  115. Hello there! I just wish to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great info you have got right here on this post. I will be coming back to your web site for more soon.

  116. Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful post. Thanks for providing these details.

1 Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. Homepage

Deja un comentario.

Tu dirección de correo no será publicada.